INTERPRETATION

Expedited Programs for Drug Registration in China

by Grace Wang
Aug 16, 2021

According to China's Administrative Measures for Drug Registration enacted since July 1, 2020, the National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) shall launch expedited programs for drug registration to support clinical-value-oriented innovation in drugs.1

China currently follows four programs for accelerating the review and approval of new drug applications (NDA) that meet the corresponding criteria.

  1. breakthrough therapy designation (BTD);

  2. conditional approval (CA);

  3. priority review (PR);

  4. special approval (SA).

If an NDA enter any of the above programs, NMPA and its professional institutions will offer policy and technology support to the applicant. The support includes necessary technical guidance, communication with the applicant, preferential allocation of resources, and shortening the review time.


1. Regulatory Updates on Drug Review and Approval in China

To take the lead in the ever-changing Chinese market, international pharmaceutical companies need to keep abreast of the regulatory updates of marketing authorization procedures:


Laws, Regulations and Policies Involving Requirements for Drug Review and Approval in China

Issuance/Revision

Enforcement

Law/regulation/policy

Oct. 8, 2017

Oct. 8, 2017

Opinions on Deepening the Reform of Review and Approval System to Encourage Innovation in Drugs and Medical Devices

Aug. 26,   2019

Dec. 1, 2019

Drug Administration Law

Mar. 2, 2019

Mar. 2, 2019

Provisions on Implementing the Drug Administration Law

Jan. 15, 2020

July 1, 2020

Administrative Measures for Drug Registration

July 8, 2020

July 8, 2020

  • Work Process for Breakthrough Therapy Designation of Drugs (Trial);

  • Work Process for Conditional Approval of Drugs (Trial);

  • Work Process for Priority Review of Drugs (Trial).

Nov. 19, 2020

Nov. 19, 2020

Technical Guidance for Drugs Going to the Market With Conditional Approval (Trial)


2. For International Companies: Recommended Process for Starting Drug Marketing Application in China

① Choose the correct registration classification for the drug product;

Analyze and evaluate the overseas clinical data, see if it can be accepted by China Center for Drug Evaluation (CDE), and if the application would be qualified for an expedited program for drug registration;

③ Find a legal agent in China to conduct data gap analysis;

④ Propose a pre-submission meeting or written communication with CDE;

⑤ Submit the Investigational New Drug (IND) application or file a record of Bioequivalence (BE) study for generic drugs to CDE;

⑥ Submit marketing authorization application for imported drugs after completing relevant researches.


3. Four Expedited Programs for Drug Registration in China

3.1 Breakthrough Therapy Designation (BTD)

3.1.1  Reference

  • Work Process for Breakthrough Therapy Designation of Drugs2 (effective since July 8, 2020);

  • Measures for Drug Registration (effective since July 1, 2020);

  • Administrative Rules of Consulting the Common Technical Issues on Reviewing Drug Registration Application3 (effective since Dec. 21, 2018);

  • Administrative Measures for Communication on Drug Development and Technical Review4 (effective since Oct. 8, 2018).

3.1.2 Criteria

The product should be an innovative or improved new drug that meet both conditions below:

① For life-threatening disease or disease that seriously impacts life quality;

② The product uses a new effective therapeutic method for the disease stipulated in ① ; or with sufficient evidence showing substantial clinical improvement over the existing therapy.

Notes on three concepts in the expedited program:

  • Life-threatening conditions:

Refer to severe, incurable or irreversible conditions which lead to shortening of life or death.

  • Conditions seriously impacting life quality:

Refer to severe conditions that have substantial impact on normal physiologic function and will progress to disability or deficiency of significant physiological and social functions without effective treatment.

  • Existing therapy:

Refer to a therapy that has already approved or licensed in China for the same indication of the new drug; or the therapy is a standard of care (SOC) such as drug -device combination therapy.

3.1.3 When to Submit Request

In phase I or phase II of the clinical trial, generally not later than the beginning of the phase III of the clinical trial.

3.1.4 CDE's Preferential Policy

  • An applicant can propose communication with CDE during the pivotal stage of during the clinical trials.

  • An applicant can submit phased research data to CDE, which will then give advice or comments on the research plan and send a feedback to the applicant.

3.1.5 BTD Application Procedures

baipharm-procedures-for-breakthrough-therapy-designation-btd-of-drugs-in-china.pngProcedures for Breakthrough Therapy Designation (BTD) of Drugs in China


3.2 Conditional Approval (CA)

3.2.1 Reference

  • Technical Guidance for Drugs Going to the Market with Conditional Approval (Trial)5 (effective since Nov. 19, 2020)

  • Work Process for Conditional Approval of Drugs (Trial) (effective since July 8, 2020);

  • Measures for Drug Registration (effective since July 1, 2020).

3.2.2 Criteria

① Drugs for serious life-threatening conditions which currently has no effective treatment; and the existing clinical data predict the product's clinical value and proves the drug is effective

② Drugs urgently needed for public health; and the existing clinical data predicts the clinical benefit and proves the drug's efficacy.

③ Vaccines urgently needed for severe public health emergencies, or for other urgent needs identified by National Health Commission (NHC); and as evaluated, benefits outweigh risks.

3.2.3 CDE's Preferential Policy

Grant the drug marketing approval even before the drug research completes, and allow some of the research to be completed in allocated time after marketing.

3.2.4 CA Application Procedures

baipharm-procedures-for-conditional-approval-ca-of-drugs-in-china.pngProcedures for Conditional Approval (CA) of Drugs in China


3.3 Priority Review (PR)

3.3.1 Reference

  • Work Process for Priority Review of Drugs (Trial) (effective since July 8, 2020);

  • Measures for Drug Registration (effective since July 1, 2020).

3.3.2 Criteria

Grace Wang
ChemLinked Regulatory Analyst
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